By Jean-Claude Koeune, Alexandre Lamfalussy
Ce livre rassemble les trente contributions présentées au colloque sur « le système monétaire overseas : soutenabilité et projets de réforme », organisé à Bruxelles les three et four octobre 2011 à l. a. mémoire de Robert Triffin (1911-1993). Sa vie et son œuvre sont évoquées par des historiens et des témoins. Viennent ensuite des analyses par des économistes universitaires et des responsables d’institutions monétaires portant sur les vices de fonctionnement du système actuel, sur sa responsabilité dans l. a. crise, tant mondiale qu’européenne, et sur des réformes possibles. Elles montrent notamment que le fameux « dilemme de Triffin », qu’il avait mis en lumière en 1960 dans L’or et l. a. crise du dollar, n’est toujours pas résolu et est à los angeles base de nombreux problèmes actuels.
This e-book comprises the thirty contributions provided at a convention on «the foreign financial method: sustainability and reform proposals», equipped in Brussels on 3-4 October 2011 to the reminiscence of Robert Triffin (1911-1993). His existence and works are recalled via historians and witnesses. There stick to analyses through educational economists and responsibles of economic associations about the malfunctioning of the present approach, the function it has performed within the hindrance, either international and eu, and attainable reforms. They express particularly that the well known «Triffin dilemma», which he dropped at gentle in 1960 in his Gold and the greenback Crisis, has remained unsolved and lies on the root of many modern difficulties.
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Extra resources for À la recherche d'un nouvel ordre monétaire mondial
In Search of a New World Monetary Order: Actes du colloque du centenaire de Robert Triffin ... Relations)
Official unemployment figures are misleading since they only apply to the state sector. The huge pool of surplus labour in the countryside which does not feature in the statistics grows remorselessly. One consequence of this is that the number of migrant labourers flocking to the east coast in search of work is as many as 80 to 90 million. Trade & Balance of Payments The foreign trade boom since 1991 has been a notable success. In 1992 exports grew by 18% to US$85 billion and imports by around 23% to US$78 billion, putting China amongst the worlds top ten trading nations for the first time.
7% in 1992 on the basis of a significant fall in investment associated with the economic downturn, and financing the government borrow ing requirement through the issue of treasury bills, which contributes to a slower growth in the money supply. Inflation, however, is expected to rise to 12% in 1993. Industrial Outlook State owned enterprises continue to dominate trade and industry, with some two thirds of the industrial companies and the largest banks under centralised control. Although privati sation is a declared goal of the government, progress in the area has been hampered by political difficulties, although in recent years there has been an expansion in the private sector in the areas of commerce and services.
The country's four main sources of revenue are oil sales, Suez Canal tolls, tourism receipts and workers remittances. Egypt's economy has suffered in recent years with the decline in oil prices, and it has turned to foreign borrowing and aid to help to finance itself. Debt servicing remains a problem. 3% in 1991 and a further slow-down occurred in 1993. The main export commodity, cotton, has declined sharply due to low prices and despite an increase in volumes exported from the oil sector revenue growth has been limited by relatively depressed hydrocarbon prices.
À la recherche d'un nouvel ordre monétaire mondial
In Search of a New World Monetary Order: Actes du colloque du centenaire de Robert Triffin ... Relations) by Jean-Claude Koeune, Alexandre Lamfalussy