By Arnold Hughes, David Perfect
A Political historical past of The Gambia: 1816-1994 is the 1st entire account of the political heritage of the previous British West African dependency to be written. It uses a lot hitherto unconsulted or unavailable British and Gambian respectable and personal documentary assets, in addition to interviews with many Gambian politicians and previous British colonial officers. the 1st a part of the e-book charts the origins and features of recent politics in colonial Bathurst (Banjul) and its growth into the Gambian inside (Protectorate) within the 20 years after global warfare II. via independence in 1965, older urban-based events within the capital were defeated through a brand new, rural-based political corporation, the People's revolutionary social gathering (PPP). the second one a part of the publication analyzes the potential in which the PPP, below President Sir Dawda Jawara, succeeded in defeating either present and new rival political events and an tried coup in 1981. The ebook closes with an evidence of the loss of life of the PPP by the hands of a military coup in 1994. The publication not just establishes these distinct features of Gambian political background, but additionally relates those to the broader nearby and African context, throughout the colonial and independence sessions.
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Additional info for A Political History of The Gambia, 1816-1994 (Rochester Studies in African History and the Diaspora)
However, in 1963, only 17 percent of Serere lived in Bathurst and the majority resided in Kerewan LGA. Since 1963, the center of the Serere population has shifted again; just over one-third lived in Kerewan and just under a third in Kanifing in 1993. Traditionally either engaged in farming or fishing, male Serere in the rural areas of The Gambia and Senegal tend now to grow groundnuts, and female Serere produce millet and vegetables. 47 During the nineteenth and first half of the twentieth century, the majority of Gambian Serere remained animist, but in recent decades, most have become Muslim.
Precolonial Mandinka society was organized on the basis of a caste system and, even since independence, caste has remained an important arbiter of social status. 21 Until independence, almost all Mandinka lived in the rural areas; as late as 1963, 95 percent lived in the Protectorate. More recently, they have moved into the urbanized areas of Banjul and Kanifing where 21 percent lived in 1993. Since the late nineteenth century, male Mandinka in the rural areas have mainly grown groundnuts (it is thought that, by the late nineteenth century, they were responsible for three-quarters of the total groundnut production) and female Mandinka have generally cultivated rice.
5. Population of Bathurst and Kombo St. Mary by Ethnic Group, 1911–63 1911 B 1921 B 1944 B 1951 B KSM 1963 B KSM Wolof Mandinka Jola Aku Fula Serere Manjago Serahuli Bambara Tukulor Ibo Other African European and other non-African 3,705 269 423 749 228 579 128 84 61 n/a 357 797 3202 3,069 425 571 592 262 563 158 162 189 97 275 2,3351 5293 10,130 2,412 1,710 2,564 1,063 1,075 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 1,924 2744 9,544 1,801 1,351 2,552 1,018 951 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 1,993 3925 1,237 11,311 2,314 3,338 1,620 1,422 131 2,515 893 1,021 405 732 n/a 502 n/a 344 n/a 181 n/a 110 n/a n/a 943 6,014 1526 3197 1,723 3,319 1,431 202 1,006 493 203 248 218 28 n/a 3,191 1468 Total 7,700 9,227 21,152 19,602 7,695 12,208 27,809 1 Includes 1,215 “mixed tribe” population.
A Political History of The Gambia, 1816-1994 (Rochester Studies in African History and the Diaspora) by Arnold Hughes, David Perfect