By John Lukacs
The historian John Lukacs bargains a concise heritage of the 20 th century--its global wars and chilly warfare, its international locations and leaders. the nice topics woven via this lively narrative are inseparable from the author's personal highbrow preoccupations: the fading of liberalism, the increase of populism and nationalism, the achievements and hazards of know-how, and the continued democratization of the globe.
The ancient 20th century begun with the 1st international warfare in 1914 and ended seventy-five years later with the cave in of the Soviet Empire in 1989. the quick century observed the tip of eu dominance and the increase of yankee strength and impact through the international. the 20th century was once an American century--perhaps the American century. Lukacs explores intimately the phenomenon of nationwide socialism (national socialist events, he reminds us, have outlived the century), Hitler's sole accountability for the second one global struggle, and the the most important roles performed through his made up our minds competitors Churchill and Roosevelt. among 1939 and 1942 Germany got here in the direction of profitable than many folks suppose.
Lukacs casts a difficult eye on the results of the second one international War--the frequently misunderstood Soviet-American chilly war--and on the transferring social and political advancements within the a long way and heart East and in different places. In an eloquent remaining meditation at the passing of the 20th century, he displays at the increase of democracy during the international and the constraints of human knowledge.
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The historian John Lukacs bargains a concise historical past of the 20th century--its global wars and chilly conflict, its countries and leaders. the good issues woven via this lively narrative are inseparable from the author's personal highbrow preoccupations: the fading of liberalism, the increase of populism and nationalism, the achievements and hazards of know-how, and the continued democratization of the globe.
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Extra resources for A Short History of the Twentieth Century
53 ger and more lasting cement binding masses of people than their sentiments about class struggle. Its extreme representations and incarnations involved even more than a dislike of foreigners. It included a contemptuous hatred of men and women Â� within their own country whom such nationalists saw as being largely, even treasonably, non-Â�nationalistic. This was not an aristocratic or conservative phenomenon, but a populist one. It manifested itself in a great vaÂ�riÂ�ety of nations and states; it attracted many revolutionary young people; and their opponents, especially Jews, soon learned to fear them.
SomeÂ�thing of the opposite occurred in 1941 and even thereafter: Could the Americans and the British have conquered Germany without Russia? ) In any event, after 1917 the United States and Russia—the former for the first time since its founding—became a decisive factor in the destiny of Europe. Soon, for very different reasons, both the United States and Russia would withdraw from the European scene, although this would not much matter for a while. But in 1917 and for some time in 1918, Russia’s abandonment of its war against Germany was a most serious matter.
The two are not the same, but they overlap. “Public-Â�opinion research” (including its unavoidable imprecisions) was not widespread in the United States at the time of the First World War; but here and there, public opinion was still distinguishable from popular sentiment. The former was largely an atÂ�triÂ�bute of educated people, socially recognizable figÂ�ures, conÂ� tribÂ�uÂ�tors to and readers of newsÂ�papers, members of the middle 28 a short history of the t wentieth century and upper classes.
A Short History of the Twentieth Century by John Lukacs