By Gabriel Compayre
A vintage in its box, Compayr?'s Abelard and the starting place and Early heritage of Universities (originally released in 1892) is as acceptable this day as while it was once written, giving an concept of what those nice institutions of masters and scholars which performed such an very important half long ago, should have been of their beginnings, in their inner association, their courses of research, their equipment of guideline, and of their common spirit and exterior impression. Compayr?, the well known French educationalist, has ready during this quantity an account of the beginning of the good ecu universities that's straight away the main clinical and the main attention-grabbing within the English language. obviously the college of Paris is the primary determine within the account; and the main points of its early association and effect are totally given. Its reference to the opposite nice universities of the center a long time and with the fashionable collage move is obviously mentioned. Abelard, whose procedure of educating and disputation was once one of many earliest indicators of the emerging universities, is the common determine of the circulation; and Compayr? has given a cartoon of his personality and paintings, from a wholly new aspect of view, that's so much instructive. Compayr?'s works have been nonetheless being released good into the 20 th Century, together with Montaigne and the schooling of the Judgment, Peter Abelard and the increase of the fashionable Universities and Jean Jacques Rousseau and schooling from Nature.
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Additional info for Abelard and the Origin and Early History of Universities (1902)
Ls This is clear enough, and the best way of proceeding is generally thought to be to separate the two sides of the process - production and distribution - and constitute them as particular phenomena and problems; to view the former as more under technical-economic influence and the latter as more subject to the sociological-historical factor; to formulate specific 'laws' for each; and only then or later to bring in the most essential connections between them. The understanding is that the place to start is with production, because something must first of all be there before it can be 'distributed', and after that to move to a consideration of the social product to be distributed.
Each is correct in the same sense and each is inadequate in the same sense: relations of power 'dictate', but how these dictats operate depends on many factors other than relations of power. There are other 'data' for the study of each of the distinguishable complexes of causes and there is a particular methodologically autonomous theory for each. Now when economic theory studies the course of the economy in the different types of forms of organisation, it emerges in fact that certain fundamental laws are valid for all.
It is to be encountered in its purest form in a recent work by Tugan-Baranovskii,2 and where I engage in polemic it is this work I shall be focusing on. The choice of this particular writer is justified by the following factors: his reputation and his work, his adoption of a position that evokes a great deal of sympathy at the present time, and the belief he shares with almost all theoreticians that debate can be fruitful. Although he repeatedly refers to a special 'method' which he is applying to the problem of distribution while accepting the marginal utility theory for the world of consumption goods, his thesis that it is not value and price laws that are determinate for distribution but social 6 The Economics and Sociology of Distribution 7 relations of power involves no special method in the logical sense.
Abelard and the Origin and Early History of Universities (1902) by Gabriel Compayre