By Sherry S. Marcellin
This booklet presents a clean, multidisciplinary, and fascinating examine the making and remaking of pharmaceutical patents on the GATT/WTO, by means of applying a Coxian political financial system of continuity and alter within the international political economic system (GPE). Marcellin makes a speciality of the position of the transnational drug within the making of the patent provisions within the unique journeys contract and accordingly, the function of the African workforce on the WTO within the remaking of these patent provisions.
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Extra info for The Political Economy of Pharmaceutical Patents: US Sectional Interests and the African Group at the WTO (Global Health)
The Power of the TDI: Ideas and Institutions While material capabilities are a fundamental constituent in the power projections of the TDI, it is not sufficient on its own to determine the various forces that combine to produce the enormity of the industry in the GPE. The ‘ideas and institutions’ components of Cox’s historical structures provide further insights because they enable a greater understanding of the driving forces behind a consolidated and continuing structure. In effect, it is by employing and elaborating on the ‘ideas and institutions’ aspect of a Coxian criticality that one begins to appreciate material capabilities as the cornerstone of a broader perspective in the deliberations on ‘who gets what’.
Where the TDI is concerned, its capacity to project power comes first from the observation that health is a basic human need (Sen 1999: 3), and because pharmaceutical products directly affect the health of a nation, they have greater social relevance than the products of almost any other industry (Gareffi 1983: 167). Consequently, accessibility concerns are absolutely fundamental for all pharmaceutical-importing countries, which exceed 90% of the developing world, with notable exceptions being some larger developing countries such as Brazil, China, India, Mexico, and South Africa.
The increasing demand for healthcare – shown by the annual growth in pharmaceutical sales – also emanates from huge ageing baby-boomer cohorts in the industrialised world which create a vast target market for predominantly elderly-related diseases such as heart disease, cholesterol, stroke, arthritis, cancer, impotence, Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s Diseases. 2. 21 A national, non-profit, consumer-advocacy organisation in the US. 22 See also Richards (2004: 152). com. Explaining ‘Who Gets What’ in International Trade Decision-Making 31 when we look at global trends in the over-60 population, which is expected to rise to approximately two billion by 2050 (Borrus et al.
The Political Economy of Pharmaceutical Patents: US Sectional Interests and the African Group at the WTO (Global Health) by Sherry S. Marcellin